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Vomiting

Vomiting

Vomiting is the act of expulsing food or fluid from the gastro-intestinal tract through the mouth. It occurs when the vomiting center in the brain is stimulated by various receptors throughout the body (GI tract, pancreas, bladder, pharynx or liver) or the brain itself.

Vomiting can be caused by many different diseases and conditions including motion sickness, parasites, middle ear infections, fungal infections, metabolic diseases (kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes) gastro-intestinal disorders (pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, colitis, enteritis), foreign bodies, intussusceptions, tumors/polyps, motility disorders and/or nervousness.

A complete physical examination should be performed to rule-out the underlying problem. Upon physical examination, your veterinarian may find dry or pale mucus membranes due to dehydration, thickened bowel, loud gut sounds due to gas buildup, blood in the stool or even intestinal masses.

Your veterinarian may need to run a fecal examination, lab tests, x-rays and possibly endoscopy to help distinguish the exact cause.

Treatment varies due to the diagnosis but generally anti-emetics (anti-vomiting) medication, antibiotics and dietary changes are recommended.

If your dog is vomiting…

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